Diamonds Decoded Natural, Lab-Grown and Simulants Unveiled

Diamonds Decoded: Natural, Lab-Grown and Simulants Unveiled

Posted by Chee Sheun Wong on

Reading Time: 6 minutes


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Step into the mesmerising world of diamonds with us as we unveil the secrets of these radiant treasures, exploring natural wonders and their lab-grown counterparts and distinguishing them from simulated diamonds. Join us as we empower you to make informed choices when selecting your perfect diamond.


What Are Diamonds?

When we think of diamonds, we often envision sparkling gemstones adorning engagement rings, but what exactly is a diamond? It's a mineral made of just one thing: carbon.

The Hardest Substance

What sets diamonds apart from other forms of carbon, like the graphite in your pencils, is how their carbon atoms organise. Graphite's carbon atoms stack up in layers, resulting in something surprisingly soft. But with diamonds, these same carbon atoms are locked into a solid three-dimensional structure, making diamonds the hardest substance in the world.


Natural Diamonds

In this section, we'll explore the fascinating world of natural diamonds, from their unique formation to the challenges of diamond mining. We'll also delve into sustainability efforts in the industry and address ethical concerns, including the issue of conflict diamonds. Join us as we journey through the diverse facets of natural diamonds.

Volcanic Eruption

The Birthplace of Natural Diamonds

Natural diamonds came into existence over an astonishing 3 billion years ago. They began their journey in an environment of unparalleled extremes—under unimaginable heat and pressure—deep beneath the Earth's surface, at depths ranging from 150 to 200 kilometres. This extraordinary process is what gives diamonds their unique and enduring beauty.

Diamonds' Voyage to the Surface

Now, here's where it gets fascinating. Some diamonds, the ones we eventually discover, embark on an incredible journey. They hitch a ride to the surface during volcanic eruptions, where magma from deep within the Earth rushes up, carrying these diamonds as unexpected passengers. So, every natural diamond you see has an epic tale to tell, starting from the depths of our planet and making its way to the surface over billions of years.

One-of-a-Kind Wonder of Nature

The exceptional feature of natural diamonds lies in their sheer rarity. In a world where mass production is ubiquitous, each natural diamond is a unique masterpiece, attesting to the awe-inspiring force of nature. This inherent distinctiveness distinguishes them from their lab-grown counterparts.

Step into elegance with the classic Hoop Earrings embellished with natural diamonds. Explore now.

Diamond Mining: A Multimillion-Dollar Quest

The journey of a natural diamond from its birthplace to a stunning piece of jewellery is an extraordinary feat. Diamond mining involves excavating some of the most remote and challenging locations, like the frozen expanses of northern Canada or the depths of the Atlantic Ocean. It also entails building massive processing plants, akin to entire cities, to accommodate and support the dedicated workforce. 

With expenses in the millions of dollars to identify a potential deposit, the cost of diamond mining is staggering. Building and operating a mine in these remote areas can cost even more. This complexity of diamond mining significantly contributes to the inherent value of these precious gems.

Sustainable Mining Practices: Preserving the Earth's Beauty

Responsible diamond mining companies go beyond unearthing these natural wonders. They also minimise their impact on biodiversity by rehabilitating the environment. When a mine reaches the end of its life, it doesn't mark the end for the land. Instead, it's a new beginning as the industry diligently restores and rejuvenates the area, leaving a positive and lasting impact on the community for generations to come.


The Triumph Over Conflict Diamonds

In the late 1990s, conflict diamonds, also known as 'blood diamonds,' played a significant role in funding brutal conflicts in parts of Africa. In response to this crisis, the global diamond industry established the Kimberley Process in collaboration with governments and NGOs. This certification system ensures that rough diamonds are sourced responsibly, preventing them from being used to fuel armed conflicts.

Today, regions once in turmoil have found peace, and over 99% of diamonds are certified as conflict-free. This industry-wide commitment underscores the belief that diamonds should bring beauty, not harm, to the world.


Lab-Grown Diamonds

Let's delve into the world of lab-grown diamonds by exploring their environmental benefits and affordability compared to natural diamonds. Join us on a journey that combines science, sustainability, and savings, all within the brilliance of lab-grown diamonds.

Loose Diamond

Mimicking Nature: The Science Behind Lab-Grown Diamonds

Lab-grown diamonds (or synthetic diamonds) are a captivating marvel of modern science. They are cultivated in controlled laboratory environments, mimicking the natural processes within the Earth's mantle. Unlike natural diamonds that take billions of years to form geologically, lab-grown diamonds can be grown in a few weeks. It's a difference that can be likened to ice from your refrigerator versus ice from a glacier—both are remarkable yet distinct in their origins.

Genuine Diamonds with Identical Brilliance

What makes lab-grown diamonds fascinating is their striking resemblance to natural diamonds. They are the identical twins of natural diamonds. They share the same crystal structure, with carbon atoms perfectly aligned, giving them the same dazzling sparkle and extraordinary hardness. Both natural and lab-grown diamonds are the real deal—the only difference is where they come from. 

An Eco-Friendly Choice

Lab-created diamonds offer a sustainable and eco-friendly alternative to mined diamonds. These exquisite gems are cultivated in precisely regulated environments, eliminating the need for land clearance, deforestation, and habitat destruction associated with mining. This approach minimises the ecological impact and preserves biodiversity, making lab-grown diamonds an eco-conscious choice.


Affordable Luxury

While creating and maintaining the precise laboratory conditions for diamond growth does have its expenses, it's remarkably cost-effective compared to traditional mining, which involves extracting natural diamonds from deep within the Earth. The streamlined lab-grown production process requires fewer resources and less energy, making it a more budget-friendly choice.


Lab-grown diamonds take a shorter route from production to market. With fewer intermediaries in the supply chain, there are fewer chances for price markups. The result? Significant cost savings can be passed on to consumers, making lab-grown diamonds an affordable and appealing choice.

Abundance Over Rarity

One of the primary reasons lab-grown diamonds are more budget-friendly is that they lack the rarity premium associated with natural diamonds. Lab-grown diamonds are produced in controlled environments and can be grown on demand. Their availability is not limited by geological factors, making them more abundant and cost-effective.


Diamond Simulants

Diamonds hold an enduring charm, but not everything that sparkles is a diamond. It's crucial to distinguish between genuine diamonds, whether they're natural or lab-grown, and their glittering look-alikes. 

Unmasking the Differences

Diamond simulants may look remarkably similar to diamonds, but they are not the real deal. These imitations, like glass and cubic zirconia (CZ), may dazzle with a diamond-like shine, but they're fundamentally different in composition. While diamonds are composed of carbon atoms arranged in a specific crystal structure, simulants have different chemical compositions that set them apart. This distinction affects how hard they are, how brilliantly they shine, and how they look to the naked eye. 

Dazzling Style on a Budget

Here's the intriguing part: Simulants come at a fraction of the cost of the real thing. They offer an affordable way to adorn yourself with jewellery that captures the brilliance of diamonds, keeping you stylish without emptying your wallet. So, while they let you embrace the latest fashion trends with sparkle, remember, they're not quite the diamond you might have initially thought.


What Matters Most to You?

Diamond Engagement Ring

Choosing the perfect diamond is a personal journey influenced by your values and preferences. Natural diamonds offer timeless rarity, lab-grown diamonds provide sustainability and affordability, while simulants offer elegance without a hefty price tag. 

Consider what matters most to you—whether it's the story of a natural diamond, the eco-consciousness of a lab-grown one, or the budget-friendliness of a simulant. Your choice reflects your values and aspirations. With this understanding, you're ready to embark on your diamond journey and discover the one that truly resonates with you.


Diamond Guide Infographic

As we conclude our illuminating journey through the world of diamonds, don’t forget to download our Diamond Guide Infographic to keep a valuable reference at your fingertips.


Explore Our Inspiring Diamond Jewellery Designed for Aspirational Women

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About the Author

Chee Sheun Wong
Chee Sheun Wong

Chee Sheun is the co-founder of Qlassico, a Malaysian fine jewellery brand dedicated to inspiring women to pursue their dreams through exquisite jewellery. She holds an Applied Jewelry Professional diploma from the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and is a Certified Pearl Specialist by the Cultured Pearl Association of America (CPAA). Chee Sheun shares her passion for fine jewellery on 'The Inspired Connoisseur,' Qlassico's lifestyle blog. Explore exclusive insights from her by joining Qlassico's Inner Circle at the footer below.

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